Understanding Trauma and How to Heal it
As most therapist know, people with trauma or traumatic experiences have at one point of their life undergone a severe encounter where their emotion has infringed good reasoning. This is irrational because our basic neurological wiring for survival starts to dictate our behavior. When good reasoning shuts down, this transcending traumatic despair that is scary, frightening, painful, and not bound by time, takes place. So whatever it was that has caused that traumatic experience, even though at present the situation is already different, the rational sense of past or future shuts down and the person behaves irrationally in order to survive.
When someone is in that state where visual imagery, rapid observation, and complex breathing takes place, this is an indication that the brain does not want to resolve this trauma.
For a therapist then, the problem is how to get back their rational brain function to be upfront again so that the person can start to think clearly; start to learn that that traumatic experience happened in the past, and therefore it is not now anymore or that there is no threat to talk about in the first place. This is an exercise that a therapist must resolve.
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When a person is under trauma, there are certain stress chemicals that the body produces that has no outlet. This so-called stress response get triggered when the adrenals receives a distress message from the brain and releases adrenalin and cortisol, two hormones that is commonly called fight or flight” responses. if a person is placed in a situation where he cannot fight and he cannot flee, where he is trapped and stuck, then the person freezes if the hormone is dissipated. This then is trauma.
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There is a boost of oxygen and glucose supply to the brain and muscles when the fight or flight hormones are released into the blood stream. Blood vessels and air passages are then dilates. The muscles then get more blood and the lungs get more oxygen. Therefore a good way to dispel hormonal disorders and prevent the patient from suffering a chemical imbalance in the brain is for that person to undergo physical exercise instead of pumping relaxants and other forms of medication.
If the person learns how to relax the body, then it can greatly help in dispelling hormonal disorders. A person that is relaxed will have the rational part of his brain function more prominently that its emotional part. This is the reason why a lot of trauma therapy is based on pairing a relaxed state of the body and the mind. If trauma is to be healed, aside from putting the patient in a relaxed state of mind and body, it would need to also include an exposure to the traumatic memories. Trauma healing sessions will then be more successful.